/Soft-Matter Printed Circuit Board with UV Laser Micropatterning

Soft-Matter Printed Circuit Board with UV Laser Micropatterning

Tong Lu, Eric Markvicka, Yichu Jin, and Carmel Majidi
Journal Article, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, June, 2017

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When encapsulated in elastomer, micropatterned traces of Ga based liquid metal (LM) can function as elastically deformable circuit wiring that provides mechanically robust electrical connectivity between solid-state elements (e.g., transistors, processors, and sensor nodes). However, LM-microelectronics integration is currently limited by challenges in rapid fabrication of LM circuits and the creation of vias between circuit terminals and the I/O pins of packaged electronics. In this study, we address both with a unique layup for soft-matter electronics in which traces of liquid-phase Ga−In eutectic (EGaIn) are patterned with UV laser micromachining (UVLM). The terminals of the elastomer-sealed LM circuit connect to the surface mounted chips through vertically aligned columns of EGaIn-coated Ag−Fe2O3 microparticles that are embedded within an interfacial elastomer layer. The processing technique is compatible with conventional UVLM printed circuit board (PCB) prototyping and exploits the photophysical ablation of EGaIn on an elastomer substrate. Potential applications to wearable computing and biosensing are demonstrated with functional implementations in which soft-matter PCBs are populated with surface-mounted microelectronics.

BibTeX Reference
author = {Tong Lu and Eric Markvicka and Yichu Jin, and Carmel Majidi},
title = {Soft-Matter Printed Circuit Board with UV Laser Micropatterning},
journal = {ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces},
year = {2017},
month = {June},