/Jeffrey Cohn

Jeffrey Cohn

Portrait of Jeffrey Cohn
Adjunct Faculty
Office: 119 Elliot Dunlap Smith Hall
Phone: (412) 624-8825
Personal Homepage
Associated Labs: Face Group, Human Sensing

Mailing Address

In addition to this project, my research includes the following projects:

  • Properties of Pain Expression. Canadian Institutes of Health Research.
  • Coordinated Motion and Facial Expression in Dyadic Conversation. The National Science Foundation.
  • Multimodal Analysis of Face and Body Gesture Indicators of Communicative Intent. Naval Research Laboratory.
  • Reinforcing Effects of Alcohol during Group Formation. National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Displaying 92 Publications
A Branch-and-Bound Framework for Unsupervised Common Event Discovery
Wen-Sheng Chu, Fernando De la Torre Frade, Jeffrey Cohn and Daniel Messinger

Journal Article, International Journal on Computer Vision (IJCV), January, 2017
Confidence Preserving Machine for Facial Action Unit Detection
Jiabei Zeng, Wen-Sheng Chu, Fernando De la Torre Frade, Jeffrey Cohn and Zhang Xiong

Journal Article, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, July, 2016
Joint Patch and Multi-label Learning for Facial Action Unit and Holistic Expression Recognition
Kaili Zhao, Wen-Sheng Chu, Fernando De la Torre Frade, Jeffrey Cohn and Honggang Zhang

Journal Article, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, June, 2016
Selective Transfer Machine for Personalized Facial Expression Analysis
Wen-Sheng Chu, Fernando De la Torre Frade and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, March, 2016
Confidence Preserving Machine for Facial Action Unit Detection
Jiabei Zeng, Wen-Sheng Chu, Fernando De la Torre Frade, Jeffrey Cohn and Zhang Xiong

Conference Paper, International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), December, 2015
Unsupervised Synchrony Discovery in Human Interaction
Wen-Sheng Chu, Jiabei Zeng, Fernando De la Torre Frade, Jeffrey Cohn and Daniel S. Messinger

Conference Paper, International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), December, 2015
Joint Patch and Multi-label Learning for Facial Action Unit Detection
Kaili Zhao, Wen-Sheng Chu, Fernando De la Torre Frade, Jeffrey Cohn and Honggang Zhang

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), June, 2015
IntraFace
Fernando De la Torre Frade, Wen-Sheng Chu, Xuehan Xiong, Francisco Vicente Carrasco, Xiaoyu Ding and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, May, 2015
Facial Action Unit Detection by Cascade of Tasks
Xiaoyu Ding, Wen-Sheng Chu, Fernando De la Torre Frade, Jeffrey Cohn and Qiao Wang

Conference Paper, International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), December, 2013
Selective Transfer Machine for Personalized Facial Action Unit Detection
Wen-Sheng Chu, Fernando De la Torre Frade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), June, 2013
Unsupervised Discovery of Facial Events
Feng Zhou, Fernando De la Torre Frade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), June, 2010
Face Alignment through Subspace Constrained Mean-Shifts
Jason M. Saragih, Simon Lucey and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, International Conference of Computer Vision (ICCV), September, 2009
Deformable Model Fitting with a Mixture of Local Experts
Jason M. Saragih, Simon Lucey and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), August, 2009
Least-Squares Congealing for Large Numbers of Images
Mark Cox, Simon Lucey, Sridha Sridharan and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), August, 2009
Subspace Constrained Mean-Shift
Jason M. Saragih, Simon Lucey and Jeffrey Cohn

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-09-15, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, May, 2009
Linear deformable model fitting with soft correspondence constraints
Jason M. Saragih, Simon Lucey and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (AFGR), September, 2008
Non-rigid Face Tracking with Local Appearance Consistency Constraint
Yang Wang, Simon Lucey, Jeffrey Cohn and Jason M. Saragih

Conference Paper, 8th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, September, 2008
Enforcing Convexity for Improved Alignment with Constrained Local Models
Yang Wang, Simon Lucey and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), June, 2008
Least Squares Congealing for Unsupervised Alignment of Images
Mark Cox, Simon Lucey, Sridha Sridharan and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), June, 2008
Non-Rigid Object Alignment with a Mismatch Template Based on Exhaustive Local Search
Yang Wang, Simon Lucey and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, IEEE Workshop on Non-rigid Registration and Tracking through Learning - NRTL 2007, October, 2007
Filtered Component Analysis to Increase Robustness to Local Minima in Appearance Models
Fernando De la Torre Frade, Alvaro Collet Romea, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, June, 2007
Investigating Spontaneous Facial Action Recognition through AAM Representations of the Face
Simon Lucey, Ahmed Bilal Ashraf and Jeffrey Cohn

Book Section/Chapter, Carnegie Mellon University, Face Recognition Book, April, 2007
Simultaneous registration and clustering for temporal segmentation of facial gestures from video
Fernando De la Torre Frade, Joan Campoy, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, 2nd International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications, March, 2007
Facial image synthesis
B.J. Theobald and Jeffrey Cohn

Book Section/Chapter, Oxford companion to affective sciences: An encyclopedic dictionary for the affective sciences, January, 2007
Multi-view AAM fitting and construction
Krishnan Ramnath, Seth C. Koterba, J. Xiao, C. Hu, Iain Matthews, Simon Baker, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Journal Article, International Journal of Computer Vision, January, 2007
Real-time expression cloning using active appearance models
B. Theobald, Iain Matthews, Jeffrey Cohn and S. Boker

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI'07), pp. 134 - 139, January, 2007
The painful face: Pain expression recognition using active appearance models
A.B. Ashraf, Simon Lucey, T. Chen, K. Prkachin, P. Solomon, Zara Ambadar and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI'07), January, 2007
Meticulously detailed eye model and its application to analysis of facial image
Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Jing Xiao, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 28, No. 5, pp. 738 - 752, May, 2006
AAM derived face representations for robust facial action recognition
Simon Lucey, Iain Matthews, Changbo Hu, Zara Ambadar, Fernando De la Torre Frade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Seventh IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'06), pp. 155 - 160, January, 2006
Depression, smiling and facial paralysis
J. M. VanSwearingen and Jeffrey Cohn

Book Section/Chapter, Facial palsies, January, 2006
Movement differences between deliberate and spontaneous facial expressions: Zygomaticus major action in smiling
Karen Schmidt, Zara Ambadar, Jeffrey Cohn and Lawrence Ian Reed

Journal Article, Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, January, 2006
Observer-based measurement of facial expression with the Facial Action Coding System
Jeffrey Cohn, Zara Ambadar and P. Ekman

Book Section/Chapter, The handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment. Oxford University Press Series in Affective Science, January, 2006
Use of automated facial image analysis for measurement of emotion expression
Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Book Section/Chapter, The handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment. Oxford University Press Series in Affective Science, January, 2006
Multi-View AAM Fitting and Camera Calibration
Seth C. Koterba, Simon Baker, Iain Matthews, Changbo Hu, Jing Xiao, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proc. International Conference on Computer Vision, Vol. 1, pp. 511 - 518, October, 2005
Adult perceptions of positive and negative infant expressions
L.H. Bolzani Dinehart, D.S. Messinger, S.I. Acosta, T. Cassel, Zara Ambadar and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, Infancy, Vol. 6, pp. 279 - 306, January, 2005
Automated analysis of the configuration and timing of facial expression
Jeffrey Cohn

Book Section/Chapter, What the face reveals (2nd edition): Basic and applied studies of spontaneous expression using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS), pp. 388 - 392, January, 2005
Deciphering the enigmatic face: The importance of facial dynamics to interpreting subtle facial expressions
Zara Ambadar, J. Schooler and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, Psychological Science, January, 2005
Measuring facial action by manual coding, facial EMG, and automatic facial image analysis.
Jeffrey Cohn and P. Ekman

Book Section/Chapter, Handbook of nonverbal behavior research methods in the affective sciences, January, 2005
The CMU/Pitt Automated Facial Image Analysis System
Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research, January, 2005
Automatic analysis and recognition of brow actions and head motion in spontaneous facial behavior
Jeffrey Cohn, L.I. Reed, Zara Ambadar, Jing Xiao and Tsuyoshi Moriyama

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. 1, pp. 610 - 616, October, 2004
Fitting a Single Active Appearance Model Simultaneously to Multiple Images
Changbo Hu, Jing Xiao, Iain Matthews, Simon Baker, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the British Machine Vision Conference, September, 2004
The timing of facial motion in posed and spontaneous smiles
Jeffrey Cohn and Karen Schmidt

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, International Journal of Wavelets, Multiresolution and Information Processing, Vol. 2, March, 2004
Learning 3D Appearance Models from Video
Fernando De la Torre Frade, Jordi Casoliva-Rodon and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Sixth IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 645 - 651, January, 2004
Meticulously detailed eye model and its application to analysis of facial image
Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Jing Xiao, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, pp. 629 - 634, January, 2004
Multimodal coordination of facial action, head rotation, and eye motion during spontaneous smiles
Jeffrey Cohn, L.I. Reed, Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Jing Xiao, Karen Schmidt and Zara Ambadar

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Sixth IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'04), pp. 129 - 138, January, 2004
Automated analysis of the configuration and timing of facial expression
Jeffrey Cohn

Book Section/Chapter, Carnegie Mellon University, What the face reveals (2nd edition): Basic and applied studies of spontaneous expression using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS), Oxford University Press Series in Affective Science, October, 2003
Facial expression analysis
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Book Section/Chapter, Carnegie Mellon University, Handbook of face recognition, October, 2003
Measuring Facial Action by Manual Coding, Facial EMG, and Automatic Facial Image Analysis
Jeffrey Cohn and P. Ekman

Book Section/Chapter, Carnegie Mellon University, Handbook of nonverbal behavior research methods in the affective sciences, October, 2003
Signal characteristics of spontaneous facial expressions: Automatic movement in solitary and social smiles
Karen Schmidt, Jeffrey Cohn and Ying-Li Tian

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, Biological Psychology, Vol. 65, pp. 49 - 66, October, 2003
Robust Full-Motion Recovery of Head by Dynamic Templates and Re-registration Techniques
Jing Xiao, Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology, Vol. 13, pp. 85 - 94, September, 2003
Facial Asymmetry Quantification for Expression Invariant Human Identification
Yanxi Liu, Karen Schmidt, Jeffrey Cohn and Sinjini Mitra

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, Computer Vision and Image Understanding Journal, Vol. 91, No. 2-Jan, pp. 138 - 159, July, 2003
Automatic recognition of eye blinking in spontaneously occurring behavior
Jeffrey Cohn, Jing Xiao, Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Zara Ambadar and Takeo Kanade

Journal Article, Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, Vol. 35, pp. 420 - 428, January, 2003
Person identification using multi-modal features: Speech, lip, and face
N. Fox, Ralph Gross, P. de Chazal, Jeffrey Cohn and R. Reilly

Conference Paper, ACM Multimedia Workshop in Biometrics Methods and Applications (WBMA 2003), pp. 25 - 32, January, 2003
Individual differences in facial expression: Stability over time, relation to self-reported emotion, and ability to inform person identification
Jeffrey Cohn, Karen Schmidt, Ralph Gross and P. Ekman

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the International Conference on Multimodal User Interfaces, October, 2002
Automatic recognition of eye blinking in spontaneously occurring behavior
Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn, Jing Xiao, Z. Ambadar, Jiang Gao and M. Imanura

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR '2002), Vol. 4, pp. 78 - 81, August, 2002
Measurement of Asymmetry in Persons with Facial Paralysis
G.S. Wachtman, Yanxi Liu, Tong Zhao, Jeffrey Cohn, Karen Schmidt, T.C. Henkelmann, J.M. VanSwearingen and E.K. Manders

Conference Paper, Combined Annual Conference of the Robert H. Ivy and Ohio Valley societies of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, June, 2002
Evaluation of Gabor-wavelet-based facial action unit recognition in image sequences of increasing complexity
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Fifth IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 229 - 234, May, 2002
Facial Asymmetry Quantification for Expression Invariant Human Identification
Yanxi Liu, Karen Schmidt, Jeffrey Cohn and Rhiannon L. Weaver

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'02), pp. 198 - 204, May, 2002
Human facial asymmetry for expression-invariant facial identification
Yanxi Liu, Karen Schmidt, Jeffrey Cohn and Rhiannon L. Weaver

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Fifth IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'02), May, 2002
Robust Full Motion Recovery of Head by Dynamic Templates and Re-registration Techniques
Jing Xiao, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Fifth IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'02), pp. 156 - 162, May, 2002
Human facial expressions as adaptations: Evolutionary questions in facial expression
Karen Schmidt and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 44, January, 2002
Quo Vadis Face Recognition?
Ralph Gross, Jianbo Shi and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Third Workshop on Empirical Evaluation Methods in Computer Vision, December, 2001
A Comparative Study of Alternative FACS Coding Algorithms
Jeffrey Cohn, Takeo Kanade, Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Zara Ambadar, Jing Xiao, Jiang Gao and Hiroki Imamura

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-02-06, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, November, 2001
Dynamics of facial expression: Normative characteristics and individual differences
Karen Schmidt and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo ( ICME2001), pp. 728 - 731, August, 2001
Facial Asymmetry: A New Biometric
Yanxi Liu, R.L. Weaver, Karen Schmidt, N. Serban and Jeffrey Cohn

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-01-23, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, August, 2001
Quo vadis Face Recognition?
Ralph Gross, Jianbo Shi and Jeffrey Cohn

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-01-17, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, June, 2001
Recognizing action units for facial expression analysis
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 97 - 115, February, 2001
A psychometric evaluation of the Facial Action Coding System for assessing spontaneous expression
M.A. Sayette, Jeffrey Cohn, J.M. Wertz, M.A. Perrott and D.J. Parrott

Journal Article, Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, Vol. 25, pp. 167 - 186, January, 2001
Recognizing Facial Actions by Combining Geometric Features and Regional Appearance Patterns
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-01-01, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, January, 2001
Eye-State Action Unit Detection by Gabor Wavelets
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Advances in Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2000), October, 2000
Recognizing upper face action units for facial expression analysis
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR '00), Vol. 1, pp. 294 - 301, June, 2000
Detection, Tracking, and Classification of Action Units in Facial Expression
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and C. Li

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, Journal of Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 131 - 146, May, 2000
Comprehensive Database for Facial Expression Analysis
Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and Ying-Li Tian

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'00), pp. 46 - 53, March, 2000
Dual-state Parametric Eye Tracking
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'00), pp. 110 - 115, March, 2000
Recognizing Lower Face Action Units for Facial Expression Analysis
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'00), pp. 484 - 490, March, 2000
Detection, tracking, and classification of subtle changes in facial expression
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and C. Li

Journal Article, Journal of Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Vol. 31, pp. 131 - 146, January, 2000
Image registration using wavelet-based motion model
Yu-Te Wu, Takeo Kanade, C.-C. Li and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, International Journal of Computer Vision, Vol. 38, pp. 129 - 152, January, 2000
Robust Lip Tracking by Combining Shape, Color and Motion
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 4th Asian Conference on Computer Vision (ACCV'00), January, 2000
Recognizing Action Units for Facial Expression Analysis
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-99-40, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, December, 1999
Multi?tate Based Facial Feature Tracking and Detection
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-99-18, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, August, 1999
Detection, Tracking, and Classification of Action Units in Facial Expression
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and C. Li

Journal Article, Journal of Robotics and Autonomous Systems, July, 1999
Automated face analysis by feature point tracking has high concurrent validity with manual FACS coding
Jeffrey Cohn, Adena Zlochower, Jenn-Jier James Lien and Takeo Kanade

Journal Article, Psychophysiology, Vol. 36, pp. 35 - 43, January, 1999
Specific impairment of smiling increases severity of depressive symptoms in patients with facial neuromuscular disorders
J.M. VanSwearingen, Jeffrey Cohn and A. Bajaj-Luthra

Journal Article, Journal of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Vol. 23, pp. 416 - 423, January, 1999
Bimodal expression of emotion by face and voice
Jeffrey Cohn and G. S. Katz

Conference Paper, Workshop on Face / Gesture Recognition and Their Applications, The Sixth ACM International Multimedia Conference, September, 1998
A Multi-Method Approach for Discriminating Between Similar Facial Expressions, Including Expression Intensity Estimation
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and C. Li

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR '98), June, 1998
Subtly Different Facial Expression Recognition and Expression Intensity Estimation
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and Ching-Chung Li

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Computer Vison and Pattern Recogntion, pp. 853 - 859, June, 1998
Automated Facial Expression Recognition Based on FACS Action Units
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and Ching-Chung Li

Conference Paper, Third IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 390-395, April, 1998
Feature-point tracking by optical flow discriminates subtle differences in facial expression
Jeffrey Cohn, Adena Zlochower, Jenn-Jier James Lien and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG '98), pp. 396 - 401, April, 1998
Beyond Prototypic Expressions: Discriminating Subtle Changes in the Face
Jeffrey Cohn, Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Wei Hua and Adena Zlochower

Conference Paper, Proc. of the 7th IEEE Robot and Human Communications Workshop, January, 1998
Optical flow estimation using wavelet motion model
Yu-Te Wu, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and C.C. Li

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV'98), pp. 992 - 998, January, 1998
Automatically Recognizing Facial Expressions in the Spatio-Temporal Domain Using Hidden Markov Models
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Adena Zlochower, Jeffrey Cohn and Ching-Chung Li

Conference Paper, Workshop on Perceptual User Interfaces, pp. 94 - 97, October, 1997
Automated face coding: A computer-vision based method of facial expression analysis
Jeffrey Cohn, Adena Zlochower, Jenn-Jier James Lien, Y.T. Wu. and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, 7th European Conference on Facial Expression Measurement and Meaning, pp. 329-333, July, 1997
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