Coal is mined using an ensemble of machines. A continuous mining machine uses a spinning cutter head with “teeth” to break coal away from the face. The coal is deposited in shuttle cars for haulage to a permanent conveyor system and out of the mine. A roof bolting machine drills holes in the roof and inserts bolts to stabilize the roof and minimize the risk of collapse. Sometimes the miner and bolter are combined into a single machine. This program concentrates on automating the functions of a continuous mining machine and roof bolting units.
Diana LaBelle, John Bares and Illah Nourbakhsh
Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction, September, 2000
Anthony (Tony) Stentz, Mark Ollis, Steve Scheding, Herman Herman, Christopher Fromme, Jorgen Pedersen, Timothy Hegadorn, Robert McCall, John Bares and Richard Moore
Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 1999 International Conference on Field and Service Robotics, pp. 299 - 304, August, 1999