/Face Group

Face Group

Portrait of Face Group
Mailing Address

We are conducting research on a variety of problems related to perception and understanding of human faces.

See the projects below for more details.

Also, see http://www.vasc.ri.cmu.edu/cgi-bin/demos/findface.cgi to detect faces in your own images.”””

Displaying 151 Publications
Joint Patch and Multi-label Learning for Facial Action Unit Detection
Kaili Zhao, Wen-Sheng Chu, Fernando De la Torre Frade, Jeffrey Cohn and Honggang Zhang

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), June, 2015
Facial Action Unit Detection by Cascade of Tasks
Xiaoyu Ding, Wen-Sheng Chu, Fernando De la Torre Frade, Jeffrey Cohn and Qiao Wang

Conference Paper, International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), December, 2013
Selective Transfer Machine for Personalized Facial Action Unit Detection
Wen-Sheng Chu, Fernando De la Torre Frade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), June, 2013
Subspace Constrained Mean-Shift
Jason M. Saragih, Simon Lucey and Jeffrey Cohn

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-09-15, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, May, 2009
Facial Feature Detection with Optimal Pixel Reduction SVMs
Minh Hoai Nguyen, Joan Perez and Fernando De la Torre Frade

Conference Paper, 8th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, September, 2008
Learning Image Alignment without Local Minima for Face Detection and Tracking
Minh Hoai Nguyen and Fernando De la Torre Frade

Conference Paper, 8th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, September, 2008
Linear deformable model fitting with soft correspondence constraints
Jason M. Saragih, Simon Lucey and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (AFGR), September, 2008
Enforcing Convexity for Improved Alignment with Constrained Local Models
Yang Wang, Simon Lucey and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), June, 2008
A Viewpoint Invariant, Sparsely Registered, Patch Based, Face Verifier
Simon Lucey and Tsuhan Chen

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, International Journal of Computer Vision (IJCV), December, 2007
Bilinear Active Appearance Models
Jose Gonzalez, Fernando De la Torre Frade, Rajesh Murthi, Nicolas Guil Mata and E. Zapata

Conference Paper, Workshop on Non-rigid Registration and Tracking through Learning, October, 2007
Non-Rigid Object Alignment with a Mismatch Template Based on Exhaustive Local Search
Yang Wang, Simon Lucey and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, IEEE Workshop on Non-rigid Registration and Tracking through Learning - NRTL 2007, October, 2007
Temporal Segmentation of Facial Behavior
Fernando De la Torre Frade, Joan Campoy, Zara Ambadar and J. F. Cohn

Conference Paper, International Conference on Computer Vision, October, 2007
Integrating Monolithic and Free-parts Representations for Improved Face Verification in the Presence of Pose Mismatch
Simon Lucey and Tsuhan Chen

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 28, No. 8, pp. 895 - 903, June, 2007
On the Multi-View Fitting and Construction of Dense Deformable Face Models
Krishnan Ramnath

Master's Thesis, Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-07-10, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, May, 2007
The Asymmetry of Image Registration and its Application to Face Tracking
Goksel Dedeoglu, Takeo Kanade and Simon Baker

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 29, No. 5, pp. 807-823, May, 2007
Investigating Spontaneous Facial Action Recognition through AAM Representations of the Face
Simon Lucey, Ahmed Bilal Ashraf and Jeffrey Cohn

Book Section/Chapter, Carnegie Mellon University, Face Recognition Book, April, 2007
Simultaneous registration and clustering for temporal segmentation of facial gestures from video
Fernando De la Torre Frade, Joan Campoy, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, 2nd International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications, March, 2007
A Viewpoint Invariant, Sparsely Registered, Patch Based, Face Verifier
Simon Lucey and Tsuhan Chen

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-07-17, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, CMU Tech Report, February, 2007
Facial image synthesis
B.J. Theobald and Jeffrey Cohn

Book Section/Chapter, Oxford companion to affective sciences: An encyclopedic dictionary for the affective sciences, January, 2007
Multi-view AAM fitting and construction
Krishnan Ramnath, Seth C. Koterba, J. Xiao, C. Hu, Iain Matthews, Simon Baker, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Journal Article, International Journal of Computer Vision, January, 2007
Real-time expression cloning using active appearance models
B. Theobald, Iain Matthews, Jeffrey Cohn and S. Boker

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI'07), pp. 134 - 139, January, 2007
The painful face: Pain expression recognition using active appearance models
A.B. Ashraf, Simon Lucey, T. Chen, K. Prkachin, P. Solomon, Zara Ambadar and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI'07), January, 2007
Learning patch dependencies for improved pose mismatched face verification
Simon Lucey and Tsuhan Chen

Conference Paper, IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), June, 2006
Semantic Learning for Audio Applications: A Computer Vision Approach
Rahul Sukthankar, Y. Ke and Derek Hoiem

Conference Paper, 2006 Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshop, June, 2006
Meticulously detailed eye model and its application to analysis of facial image
Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Jing Xiao, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 28, No. 5, pp. 738 - 752, May, 2006
Resolution-Aware Fitting of Active Appearance Models to Low-Resolution Images
Goksel Dedeoglu, Simon Baker and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2006, Vol. II, No. 3952, pp. 83 - 97, May, 2006
The Asymmetry of Image Registration and its Application to Face Tracking
Goksel Dedeoglu, Takeo Kanade and Simon Baker

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-06-06, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, February, 2006
AAM derived face representations for robust facial action recognition
Simon Lucey, Iain Matthews, Changbo Hu, Zara Ambadar, Fernando De la Torre Frade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Seventh IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'06), pp. 155 - 160, January, 2006
Active Appearance Models with Occlusion
Ralph Gross, Iain Matthews and Simon Baker

Journal Article, Image and Vision Computing, Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 593-604, January, 2006
Depression, smiling and facial paralysis
J. M. VanSwearingen and Jeffrey Cohn

Book Section/Chapter, Facial palsies, January, 2006
Movement differences between deliberate and spontaneous facial expressions: Zygomaticus major action in smiling
Karen Schmidt, Zara Ambadar, Jeffrey Cohn and Lawrence Ian Reed

Journal Article, Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, January, 2006
Observer-based measurement of facial expression with the Facial Action Coding System
Jeffrey Cohn, Zara Ambadar and P. Ekman

Book Section/Chapter, The handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment. Oxford University Press Series in Affective Science, January, 2006
Use of automated facial image analysis for measurement of emotion expression
Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Book Section/Chapter, The handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment. Oxford University Press Series in Affective Science, January, 2006
Generic vs. person specific active appearance models
Ralph Gross, Iain Matthews and Simon Baker

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, Image and Vision Computing, Vol. 23, No. 11, pp. 1080-1093, November, 2005
Improved face recognition through mismatch driven representations of the face
Simon Lucey and Tsuhan Chen

Conference Paper, International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) Workshop, PETS, October, 2005
Multi-View AAM Fitting and Camera Calibration
Seth C. Koterba, Simon Baker, Iain Matthews, Changbo Hu, Jing Xiao, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proc. International Conference on Computer Vision, Vol. 1, pp. 511 - 518, October, 2005
Using overlapping distributions to deal with face pose mismatch
Simon Lucey

Conference Paper, British Machine Vision Conference (BMVC), September, 2005
Multiple Face Recognition from Omnidirectional Video
Fernando De la Torre Frade, Carlos Vallespi-Gonzalez, Paul Rybski, Manuela Veloso and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, IEEE Workshop on Learning in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, June, 2005
Representational Oriented Component Analysis (ROCA) for Face Recognition with One Sample Image per Training Class
Fernando De la Torre Frade, Ralph Gross, Simon Baker and Vijaya Kumar

Conference Paper, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Vol. 2, pp. 266 - 273, June, 2005
SOLAR: Sound Object Localization and Retrieval in Complex Audio Environments
Derek Hoiem, Yan Ke and Rahul Sukthankar

Conference Paper, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP), Vol. 5, pp. 429 - 432, March, 2005
Face Databases
Ralph Gross

Book Section/Chapter, Carnegie Mellon University, Handbook of Face Recognition, February, 2005
Adult perceptions of positive and negative infant expressions
L.H. Bolzani Dinehart, D.S. Messinger, S.I. Acosta, T. Cassel, Zara Ambadar and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, Infancy, Vol. 6, pp. 279 - 306, January, 2005
Automated analysis of the configuration and timing of facial expression
Jeffrey Cohn

Book Section/Chapter, What the face reveals (2nd edition): Basic and applied studies of spontaneous expression using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS), pp. 388 - 392, January, 2005
Deciphering the enigmatic face: The importance of facial dynamics to interpreting subtle facial expressions
Zara Ambadar, J. Schooler and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, Psychological Science, January, 2005
Measuring facial action by manual coding, facial EMG, and automatic facial image analysis.
Jeffrey Cohn and P. Ekman

Book Section/Chapter, Handbook of nonverbal behavior research methods in the affective sciences, January, 2005
Multimodal Oriented Discriminant Analysis
Fernando De la Torre Frade and Takeo Kanade

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-05-03, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, January, 2005
The CMU/Pitt Automated Facial Image Analysis System
Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research, January, 2005
Automatic analysis and recognition of brow actions and head motion in spontaneous facial behavior
Jeffrey Cohn, L.I. Reed, Zara Ambadar, Jing Xiao and Tsuyoshi Moriyama

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. 1, pp. 610 - 616, October, 2004
Automatic Construction of Active Appearance Models as an Image Coding Problem
Simon Baker, Iain Matthews and Jeff Schneider

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 26, No. 10, pp. 1380 - 1384, October, 2004
Integrating Monolithic and Free-parts Representations for Improved Face Verification in the Presence of Pose Mismatch
Simon Lucey and Tsuhan Chen

Tech. Report, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, October, 2004
Passive Driver Gaze Tracking with Active Appearance Models
Takahiro Ishikawa, Simon Baker, Iain Matthews and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 11th World Congress on Intelligent Transportation Systems, October, 2004
Synthesized GMM Free-parts Based Face Representation for Pose Mismatch Reduction in Face Verification
Simon Lucey and C. Sanderson

Tech. Report, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, October, 2004
Fitting a Single Active Appearance Model Simultaneously to Multiple Images
Changbo Hu, Jing Xiao, Iain Matthews, Simon Baker, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the British Machine Vision Conference, September, 2004
Generic vs. Person Specific Active Appearance Models
Ralph Gross, Iain Matthews and Simon Baker

Conference Paper, British Machine Vision Conference, September, 2004
Constructing and Fitting Active Appearance Models With Occlusion
Ralph Gross, Iain Matthews and Simon Baker

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE Workshop on Face Processing in Video, June, 2004
Face Recognition Across Pose and Illumination
Ralph Gross, Simon Baker, Iain Matthews and Takeo Kanade

Book Section/Chapter, Carnegie Mellon University, Handbook of Face Recognition, June, 2004
Feature-Centric Evaluation for Efficient Cascaded Object Detection
Henry Schneiderman

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), June, 2004
High-Zoom Video Hallucination by Exploiting Spatio-Temporal Regularities
Goksel Dedeoglu, Takeo Kanade and Jonas August

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR '04), Vol. 2, pp. 151 - 158, June, 2004
Learning a Restricted Bayesian Network for Object Detection
Henry Schneiderman

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, June, 2004
Non-Rigid Shape and Motion Recovery: Degenerate Deformations
Jing Xiao and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Vol. 1, pp. 668 - 675, June, 2004
Real-Time Combined 2D+3D Active Appearance Models
Jing Xiao, Simon Baker, Iain Matthews and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Vol. 2, pp. 535 - 542, June, 2004
The Template Update Problem
Iain Matthews, Takahiro Ishikawa and Simon Baker

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 26, No. 6, pp. 810 - 815, June, 2004
Appearance-Based Face Recognition and Light-Fields
Ralph Gross, Iain Matthews and Simon Baker

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 449 - 465, April, 2004
Lucas-Kanade 20 Years On: A Unifying Framework
Simon Baker and Iain Matthews

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, International Journal of Computer Vision, Vol. 56, No. 3, pp. 221 - 255, March, 2004
The timing of facial motion in posed and spontaneous smiles
Jeffrey Cohn and Karen Schmidt

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, International Journal of Wavelets, Multiresolution and Information Processing, Vol. 2, March, 2004
Passive Driver Gaze Tracking with Active Appearance Models
Takahiro Ishikawa, Simon Baker, Iain Matthews and Takeo Kanade

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-04-08, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, February, 2004
Meticulously detailed eye model and its application to analysis of facial image
Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Jing Xiao, Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, pp. 629 - 634, January, 2004
Multimodal coordination of facial action, head rotation, and eye motion during spontaneous smiles
Jeffrey Cohn, L.I. Reed, Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Jing Xiao, Karen Schmidt and Zara Ambadar

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Sixth IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'04), pp. 129 - 138, January, 2004
The CMU Pose, Illumination, and Expression Database
Terence Sim, Simon Baker and Maan Bsat

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 25, No. 12, pp. 1615 - 1618, December, 2003
Lucas-Kanade 20 Years On: A Unifying Framework: Part 3
Simon Baker, Ralph Gross and Iain Matthews

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-03-35, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, November, 2003
Automated analysis of the configuration and timing of facial expression
Jeffrey Cohn

Book Section/Chapter, Carnegie Mellon University, What the face reveals (2nd edition): Basic and applied studies of spontaneous expression using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS), Oxford University Press Series in Affective Science, October, 2003
Facial expression analysis
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Book Section/Chapter, Carnegie Mellon University, Handbook of face recognition, October, 2003
Measuring Facial Action by Manual Coding, Facial EMG, and Automatic Facial Image Analysis
Jeffrey Cohn and P. Ekman

Book Section/Chapter, Carnegie Mellon University, Handbook of nonverbal behavior research methods in the affective sciences, October, 2003
Signal characteristics of spontaneous facial expressions: Automatic movement in solitary and social smiles
Karen Schmidt, Jeffrey Cohn and Ying-Li Tian

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, Biological Psychology, Vol. 65, pp. 49 - 66, October, 2003
Robust Full-Motion Recovery of Head by Dynamic Templates and Re-registration Techniques
Jing Xiao, Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology, Vol. 13, pp. 85 - 94, September, 2003
The Template Update Problem
Iain Matthews, Takahiro Ishikawa and Simon Baker

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the British Machine Vision Conference, September, 2003
Learning Statistical Structure for Object Detection
Henry Schneiderman

Conference Paper, Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns (CAIP), 2003, August, 2003
Active Appearance Models Revisited
Iain Matthews and Simon Baker

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-03-02, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, April, 2003
Image Coding with Active Appearance Models
Simon Baker, Iain Matthews and Jeff Schneider

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-03-13, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, April, 2003
Lucas-Kanade 20 Years On: A Unifying Framework: Part 2
Simon Baker, Ralph Gross, Iain Matthews and Takahiro Ishikawa

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-03-01, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, February, 2003
Automatic recognition of eye blinking in spontaneously occurring behavior
Jeffrey Cohn, Jing Xiao, Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Zara Ambadar and Takeo Kanade

Journal Article, Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, Vol. 35, pp. 420 - 428, January, 2003
Person identification using multi-modal features: Speech, lip, and face
N. Fox, Ralph Gross, P. de Chazal, Jeffrey Cohn and R. Reilly

Conference Paper, ACM Multimedia Workshop in Biometrics Methods and Applications (WBMA 2003), pp. 25 - 32, January, 2003
Individual differences in facial expression: Stability over time, relation to self-reported emotion, and ability to inform person identification
Jeffrey Cohn, Karen Schmidt, Ralph Gross and P. Ekman

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the International Conference on Multimodal User Interfaces, October, 2002
Appearance-based 3-D Face Recognition from Video
Volker Krueger, Ralph Gross and Simon Baker

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the German Symposium on Pattern Recognition (DAGM), September, 2002
Fisher Light-Fields for Face Recognition Across Pose and Illumination
Ralph Gross, Iain Matthews and Simon Baker

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the German Symposium on Pattern Recognition (DAGM), September, 2002
Limits on Super-Resolution and How to Break Them
Simon Baker and Takeo Kanade

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 24, No. 9, pp. 1167 - 1183, September, 2002
Appearance Based Face Recognition and Light-Fields
Ralph Gross, Iain Matthews and Simon Baker

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-02-20, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, August, 2002
Automatic recognition of eye blinking in spontaneously occurring behavior
Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn, Jing Xiao, Z. Ambadar, Jiang Gao and M. Imanura

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR '2002), Vol. 4, pp. 78 - 81, August, 2002
Lucas-Kanade 20 Years On: A Unifying Framework: Part 1
Simon Baker and Iain Matthews

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-02-16, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, July, 2002
Eigen Light-Fields and Face Recognition Across Pose
Ralph Gross, Iain Matthews and Simon Baker

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, May, 2002
Evaluation of Gabor-wavelet-based facial action unit recognition in image sequences of increasing complexity
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Fifth IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 229 - 234, May, 2002
Facial Asymmetry Quantification for Expression Invariant Human Identification
Yanxi Liu, Karen Schmidt, Jeffrey Cohn and Rhiannon L. Weaver

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'02), pp. 198 - 204, May, 2002
Human facial asymmetry for expression-invariant facial identification
Yanxi Liu, Karen Schmidt, Jeffrey Cohn and Rhiannon L. Weaver

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Fifth IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'02), May, 2002
Robust Full Motion Recovery of Head by Dynamic Templates and Re-registration Techniques
Jing Xiao, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Fifth IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'02), pp. 156 - 162, May, 2002
The CMU Pose, Illumination, and Expression (PIE) Database
Terence Sim, Simon Baker and Maan Bsat

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, May, 2002
Extraction of visual features for lipreading
Iain Matthews, T.F. Cootes, J.A. Bangham, S. Cox and R. Harvey

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 198 - 213, February, 2002
Human facial expressions as adaptations: Evolutionary questions in facial expression
Karen Schmidt and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 44, January, 2002
Object Detection Using the Statistics of Parts
Henry Schneiderman and Takeo Kanade

Journal Article, International Journal of Computer Vision, January, 2002
Combining Models and Exemplars for Face Recognition: An Illuminating Example
Terence Sim and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the CVPR 2001 Workshop on Models versus Exemplars in Computer Vision, December, 2001
Equivalence and Efficiency of Image Alignment Algorithms
Simon Baker and Iain Matthews

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Vol. 1, pp. 1090 - 1097, December, 2001
Quo Vadis Face Recognition?
Ralph Gross, Jianbo Shi and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Third Workshop on Empirical Evaluation Methods in Computer Vision, December, 2001
A Comparative Study of Alternative FACS Coding Algorithms
Jeffrey Cohn, Takeo Kanade, Tsuyoshi Moriyama, Zara Ambadar, Jing Xiao, Jiang Gao and Hiroki Imamura

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-02-06, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, November, 2001
Illuminating the Face
Terence Sim and Takeo Kanade

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-01-31, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, September, 2001
Dynamics of facial expression: Normative characteristics and individual differences
Karen Schmidt and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo ( ICME2001), pp. 728 - 731, August, 2001
Facial Asymmetry: A New Biometric
Yanxi Liu, R.L. Weaver, Karen Schmidt, N. Serban and Jeffrey Cohn

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-01-23, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, August, 2001
Quo vadis Face Recognition?
Ralph Gross, Jianbo Shi and Jeffrey Cohn

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-01-17, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, June, 2001
Super-Resolution: Reconstruction or Recognition?
Simon Baker and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, IEEE-EURASIP Workshop on Nonlinear Signal and Image Processing, June, 2001
Aligning Images Incrementally Backwards
Simon Baker, Frank Dellaert and Iain Matthews

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-01-03, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, February, 2001
Recognizing action units for facial expression analysis
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 97 - 115, February, 2001
A psychometric evaluation of the Facial Action Coding System for assessing spontaneous expression
M.A. Sayette, Jeffrey Cohn, J.M. Wertz, M.A. Perrott and D.J. Parrott

Journal Article, Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, Vol. 25, pp. 167 - 186, January, 2001
Recognizing Facial Actions by Combining Geometric Features and Regional Appearance Patterns
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-01-01, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, January, 2001
Super-Resolution: Limits and Beyond
Simon Baker and Takeo Kanade

Book Section/Chapter, Super-Resolution Imaging, January, 2001
The CMU Pose, Illumination, and Expression (PIE) Database of Human Faces
Terence Sim, Simon Baker and Maan Bsat

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-01-02, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, January, 2001
Eye-State Action Unit Detection by Gabor Wavelets
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Advances in Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2000), October, 2000
A Statistical Model for 3D Object Detection Applied to Faces and Cars
Henry Schneiderman and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, June, 2000
Limits on Super-Resolution and How to Break Them
Simon Baker and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 2000 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, June, 2000
Recognizing upper face action units for facial expression analysis
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR '00), Vol. 1, pp. 294 - 301, June, 2000
A Statistical Approach to 3D Object Detection Applied to Faces and Cars
Henry Schneiderman

PhD Thesis, Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-00-06, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, May, 2000
Detection, Tracking, and Classification of Action Units in Facial Expression
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and C. Li

Journal Article, Carnegie Mellon University, Journal of Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 131 - 146, May, 2000
Comprehensive Database for Facial Expression Analysis
Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and Ying-Li Tian

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'00), pp. 46 - 53, March, 2000
Dual-state Parametric Eye Tracking
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'00), pp. 110 - 115, March, 2000
Hallucinating Faces
Simon Baker and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Fourth International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, March, 2000
Recognizing Lower Face Action Units for Facial Expression Analysis
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'00), pp. 484 - 490, March, 2000
Detection, tracking, and classification of subtle changes in facial expression
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and C. Li

Journal Article, Journal of Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Vol. 31, pp. 131 - 146, January, 2000
Image registration using wavelet-based motion model
Yu-Te Wu, Takeo Kanade, C.-C. Li and Jeffrey Cohn

Journal Article, International Journal of Computer Vision, Vol. 38, pp. 129 - 152, January, 2000
Robust Lip Tracking by Combining Shape, Color and Motion
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 4th Asian Conference on Computer Vision (ACCV'00), January, 2000
Recognizing Action Units for Facial Expression Analysis
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-99-40, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, December, 1999
Super Resolution Optical Flow
Simon Baker and Takeo Kanade

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-99-36, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, October, 1999
Hallucinating Faces
Simon Baker and Takeo Kanade

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-99-32, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, September, 1999
Multi?tate Based Facial Feature Tracking and Detection
Ying-Li Tian, Takeo Kanade and Jeffrey Cohn

Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-99-18, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, August, 1999
Detection, Tracking, and Classification of Action Units in Facial Expression
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and C. Li

Journal Article, Journal of Robotics and Autonomous Systems, July, 1999
Neural Network-Based Face Detection
Henry Rowley

PhD Thesis, Tech. Report, CMU-CS-99-117, Computer Science Department, Carnegie Mellon University, May, 1999
Automated face analysis by feature point tracking has high concurrent validity with manual FACS coding
Jeffrey Cohn, Adena Zlochower, Jenn-Jier James Lien and Takeo Kanade

Journal Article, Psychophysiology, Vol. 36, pp. 35 - 43, January, 1999
High-Performance Memory-based Face Recognition for Visitor Identification
Terence Sim, Rahul Sukthankar, M. Mullin and Shumeet Baluja

Miscellaneous, January, 1999
Specific impairment of smiling increases severity of depressive symptoms in patients with facial neuromuscular disorders
J.M. VanSwearingen, Jeffrey Cohn and A. Bajaj-Luthra

Journal Article, Journal of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Vol. 23, pp. 416 - 423, January, 1999
Bimodal expression of emotion by face and voice
Jeffrey Cohn and G. S. Katz

Conference Paper, Workshop on Face / Gesture Recognition and Their Applications, The Sixth ACM International Multimedia Conference, September, 1998
Probabilistic Modeling of Local Appearance and Spatial Relationships for Object Recognition
Henry Schneiderman and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR '98), pp. 45-51, July, 1998
A Multi-Method Approach for Discriminating Between Similar Facial Expressions, Including Expression Intensity Estimation
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and C. Li

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR '98), June, 1998
Rotation Invariant Neural Network-Based Face Detection
Henry Rowley, Shumeet Baluja and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, June, 1998
Subtly Different Facial Expression Recognition and Expression Intensity Estimation
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and Ching-Chung Li

Conference Paper, IEEE Conference on Computer Vison and Pattern Recogntion, pp. 853 - 859, June, 1998
Automated Facial Expression Recognition Based on FACS Action Units
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Jeffrey Cohn and Ching-Chung Li

Conference Paper, Third IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 390-395, April, 1998
Automatic Recognition of Facial Expressions Using Hidden Markov Models and Estimation of Expression Intensity
Jenn-Jier James Lien

PhD Thesis, Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-98-31, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, April, 1998
Feature-point tracking by optical flow discriminates subtle differences in facial expression
Jeffrey Cohn, Adena Zlochower, Jenn-Jier James Lien and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG '98), pp. 396 - 401, April, 1998
Beyond Prototypic Expressions: Discriminating Subtle Changes in the Face
Jeffrey Cohn, Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Wei Hua and Adena Zlochower

Conference Paper, Proc. of the 7th IEEE Robot and Human Communications Workshop, January, 1998
Neural Network-Based Face Detection
Henry Rowley, Shumeet Baluja and Takeo Kanade

Journal Article, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 23-38, January, 1998
Rotation Invariant Neural Network-Based Face Detection
Henry Rowley, Shumeet Baluja and Takeo Kanade

Tech. Report, CMU-CS-97-201, Computer Science Department, Carnegie Mellon University, December, 1997
Automatically Recognizing Facial Expressions in the Spatio-Temporal Domain Using Hidden Markov Models
Jenn-Jier James Lien, Takeo Kanade, Adena Zlochower, Jeffrey Cohn and Ching-Chung Li

Conference Paper, Workshop on Perceptual User Interfaces, pp. 94 - 97, October, 1997
Automated face coding: A computer-vision based method of facial expression analysis
Jeffrey Cohn, Adena Zlochower, Jenn-Jier James Lien, Y.T. Wu. and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, 7th European Conference on Facial Expression Measurement and Meaning, pp. 329-333, July, 1997
Neural Network-Based Face Detection
Henry Rowley, Shumeet Baluja and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition '96, June, 1996
Neural Network-Based Face Detection
Henry Rowley, Shumeet Baluja and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 1996 DARPA Image Understanding Workshop, February, 1996
Human Face Detection in Visual Scenes
Henry Rowley, Shumeet Baluja and Takeo Kanade

Conference Paper, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 8, pp. 875 - 881, January, 1996
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