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Real-time Dense Mapping without Pose Graph using Deformation and Orientation

Puneet Puri
Master's Thesis, Tech. Report, CMU-RI-TR-17-35, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, August, 2017

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In this thesis, we propose a novel approach to integrating inertial sensor data into a pose-graph free dense mapping algorithm that we call GravityFusion. A range of dense mapping algorithms have recently been proposed, though few integrate inertial sensing. We build on ElasticFusion, a particularly elegant approach that fuses sensor information directly into small surface patches called surfels. Traditional inertial integration happens at the level of camera motion, however, a pose graph is not available here. Instead, we present a novel approach that incorporates the gravity measurements directly into the map: Each surfel is annotated by a gravity measurement, and that measurement is updated with each new observation of the surfel. We use mesh deformation, the same mechanism used for loop closure in ElasticFusion, to enforce a consistent gravity direction among all the surfels. This eliminates drift in two degrees of freedom, avoiding the typical curving of maps that are particularly pronounced in long hallways. We qualitatively show our results in the experimental evaluation using a RGB-D and a stereo camera setup.

author = {Puneet Puri},
title = {Real-time Dense Mapping without Pose Graph using Deformation and Orientation},
year = {2017},
month = {August},
school = {Carnegie Mellon University},
address = {Pittsburgh, PA},
number = {CMU-RI-TR-17-35},
keywords = {Localization, SLAM, Perception, Mapping},
} 2017-09-13T10:38:00-04:00