/Nonparametric Distribution Regression Applied to Sensor Modeling

Nonparametric Distribution Regression Applied to Sensor Modeling

Abhijeet Tallavajhula, Barnabas Poczos and Alonzo Kelly
Conference Paper, International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), October, 2016

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Sensor models, which specify the distribution of sensor observations, are a widely used and integral part of robotics algorithms. Observation distributions are commonly approximated by parametric models, which are limited in their expressiveness, and may require careful design to suit an application. In this paper, we propose nonparametric distribution regression as a procedure to model sensors. It is a data-driven procedure to predict distributions that makes few assumptions. We apply the procedure to model raw distributions from real sensors, and also demonstrate its utility to a mobile robot state estimation task. We show that nonparametric distribution regression adapts to characteristics in the training data, leading to realistic predictions. The same procedure competes favorably with baseline parametric models across applications. The results also help develop intuition for different sensor modeling situations. Our procedure is useful when distributions are inherently noisy, and sufficient data is available.

BibTeX Reference
author = {Abhijeet Tallavajhula and Barnabas Poczos and Alonzo Kelly},
title = {Nonparametric Distribution Regression Applied to Sensor Modeling},
booktitle = {International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)},
year = {2016},
month = {October},
publisher = {IEEE},