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Multibeam Data Processing for Underwater Mapping

Pedro V. Teixeira, Michael Kaess, Franz S. Hover and John J. Leonard
Conference Paper, Proceedings of IEEE/RSJ Intl. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS, October, 2018

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From archaeology to the inspection of subsea structures, underwater mapping has become critical to many applications. Because of the balanced trade-off between range and resolution, multibeam sonars are often used as the primary sensor in underwater mapping platforms. These sonars output an image representing the intensity of the received acoustic echos over space, which must be classified into free and occupied regions before range measurements are determined and spatially registered. Most classifiers found in the underwater mapping literature use local thresholding techniques, which are highly sensitive to noise, outliers, and sonar artifacts typically found in these images. In this paper we present an overview of some of the techniques developed in the scope of our work on sonar-based underwater mapping, with the aim of improving map accuracy through better segmentation performance. We also provide experimental results using data collected with a DIDSON imaging sonar that show that these techniques improve both segmentation accuracy and robustness to outliers.

author = {Pedro V. Teixeira and Michael Kaess and Franz S. Hover and John J. Leonard},
title = {Multibeam Data Processing for Underwater Mapping},
booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE/RSJ Intl. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS},
year = {2018},
month = {October},
} 2018-09-21T10:04:21-04:00