Cascade Neural Networks with Node-Decoupled Extended Kalman Filtering

Michael Nechyba and Yangsheng Xu
IEEE Int. Symp. on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation, July, 1997, pp. 214-219.


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Abstract
Most neural networks used today rely on rigid, fixed-architecture networks and/or slow, gradient descent-based training algorithms (e.g. backpropagation). In this paper, we propose a new neural network learning architecture to counter these problems. Namely, we combine (1) flexible cascade neural networks, which dynamically adjust the size of the neural network as part of the learning process, and (2) node-decoupled extended Kalman filtering (NDEKF), a fast converging alternative to backpropagation. In this paper, we first summarize how learning proceeds in cascade neural networks. We then show how NDEKF fits seamlessly into the cascade learning framework, and how cascade learning addresses the poor local minima problem of NDEKF. We analyze the computational complexity of our approach and compare it to fixed-architecture training paradigms. Finally, we report learning results for continuous function approximation and dynamic system identification-results which show substantial improvement in learning speed and error convergence over other neural network training methods.

Notes
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Vision and Autonomous Systems Center

Text Reference
Michael Nechyba and Yangsheng Xu, "Cascade Neural Networks with Node-Decoupled Extended Kalman Filtering," IEEE Int. Symp. on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation, July, 1997, pp. 214-219.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Nechyba_1997_946,
   author = "Michael Nechyba and Yangsheng Xu",
   title = "Cascade Neural Networks with Node-Decoupled Extended Kalman Filtering",
   booktitle = "IEEE Int. Symp. on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation",
   pages = "214-219",
   month = "July",
   year = "1997",
   volume = "1",
}