Pose Estimation for Contact Manipulation with Manifold Particle Filters

Michael Koval, Mehmet Dogar, Nancy Pollard, and Siddhartha Srinivasa
IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, November, 2013.


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Abstract
We investigate the problem of estimating the state of an object during manipulation. Contact sensors provide valuable information about the object state during actions which involve persistent contact, e.g. pushing. However, contact sensing is very discriminative by nature, and therefore the set of object states that contact a sensor constitutes a lower- dimensional manifold in the state space of the object. This causes stochastic state estimation methods, such as particle filters, to perform poorly when contact sensors are used. We propose a new algorithm, the manifold particle filter, which uses dual particles directly sampled from the contact manifold to avoid this problem. The algorithm adapts to the probability of contact by dynamically changing the number of dual particles sampled from the manifold. We compare our algorithm to the conventional particle filter through extensive experiments and we show that our algorithm is both faster and better at estimating the state. Unlike the conventional particle filter, our algorithm's performance improves with increasing sensor accuracy and the filter's update rate. We implement the algorithm on a real robot using commercially available tactile sensors to track the pose of a pushed object.

Keywords
manipulation, non-prehensile manipulation, state estimation, tactile sensing

Notes
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Quality of Life Technology Center, National Robotics Engineering Center, and Center for the Foundations of Robotics
Associated Lab(s) / Group(s): Personal Robotics

Text Reference
Michael Koval, Mehmet Dogar, Nancy Pollard, and Siddhartha Srinivasa, "Pose Estimation for Contact Manipulation with Manifold Particle Filters," IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, November, 2013.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Koval_2013_7461,
   author = "Michael Koval and Mehmet Dogar and Nancy Pollard and Siddhartha Srinivasa",
   title = "Pose Estimation for Contact Manipulation with Manifold Particle Filters",
   booktitle = "IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems",
   month = "November",
   year = "2013",
}