Bias Compensation in Visual Odometry

Gijs Dubbelman and Brett Browning
IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) , October, 2012.


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Abstract
Empirical evidence shows that error growth in visual odometry is biased. A projective bias model is developed and its parameters are estimated offline from trajectories encompassing loops. The model is used online to compensate for bias and thereby significantly reduces error growth. We validate our approach with more than 25 km of stereo data collected in two very different urban environments from a moving vehicle. Our results demonstrate significant reduction in error, typically on the order of 50%, suggesting that our technique has significant applicability to deployed robot systems in GPS denied environments.

Keywords
visual odometry, bias, stereo, autocalibration, recalibration

Notes
Sponsor: Qatar National Research Fund
Associated Project(s): Visual SLAM for Industrial Robots

Text Reference
Gijs Dubbelman and Brett Browning, "Bias Compensation in Visual Odometry ," IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) , October, 2012.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Dubbelman_2012_7394,
   author = "Gijs Dubbelman and Brett Browning",
   title = "Bias Compensation in Visual Odometry ",
   booktitle = "IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) ",
   month = "October",
   year = "2012",
}