Continuous Vehicle Slip Model Identification on Changing Terrains

Forrest Rogers-Marcovitz, Neal Seegmiller, and Alonzo Kelly
RSS 2012 Workshop on Long-term Operation of Autonomous Robotic Systems in Changing Environments, July, 2012.


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Abstract
Ground robotics rely on accurate dynamic models for high performance control and estimation systems. To use odometry or predict the robots motion, an accurate model is needed for the vehicle's slip. For mobile robots, the mapping between inputs and resultant behavior depends critically on terrain conditions which vary significantly over time and space so cannot be pre-programmed. Integrated Perturbative Dynamics is used to successively identify systematic and stochastic models of vehicle slip. This is a real-time algorithm which works over arbitrary trajectories, with fast convergence along terrain boundaries, which allows for reliable operation of ground vehicles over extended periods of time in changing environments. Results are shown on a tracked surveillance robot as it drives over four distinct terrain types over 35 minutes. Fast convergence of the slip mode parameters is observed when the robot crosses terrain boundaries.

Keywords
field robotics, online learning, vehicle mobility modeling, vehicle slip, long term autonomy

Notes
Sponsor: U.S. Army Research Office
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: National Robotics Engineering Center
Note: Real-Time Identification of Wheel Terrain Interaction Models for Enhanced Autonomous Vehicle Mobility

Text Reference
Forrest Rogers-Marcovitz, Neal Seegmiller, and Alonzo Kelly, "Continuous Vehicle Slip Model Identification on Changing Terrains," RSS 2012 Workshop on Long-term Operation of Autonomous Robotic Systems in Changing Environments, July, 2012.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Rogers-Marcovitz_2012_7245,
   author = "Forrest Rogers-Marcovitz and Neal Seegmiller and Alonzo Kelly",
   title = "Continuous Vehicle Slip Model Identification on Changing Terrains",
   booktitle = "RSS 2012 Workshop on Long-term Operation of Autonomous Robotic Systems in Changing Environments",
   month = "July",
   year = "2012",
   Notes = "Real-Time Identification of Wheel Terrain Interaction Models for Enhanced Autonomous Vehicle Mobility"
}