Planning in High-dimensional Shape Space for a Single-wheeled Balancing Mobile Robot with Arms

Umashankar Nagarajan, Byungjun Kim, and Ralph Hollis
Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), May, 2012, pp. 130-135.


Download
  • Adobe portable document format (pdf) (890KB)
Copyright notice: This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. These works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

Abstract
The ballbot with arms is an underactuated balancing mobile robot that moves on a single ball. Achieving desired motions in position space is a challenging task for such systems due to their unstable zero dynamics. This paper presents a novel approach that uses the dynamic constraint equations to plan shape trajectories, which when tracked will result in optimal tracking of desired position trajectories. The ballbot with arms has shape space of higher dimension than its position space and therefore, the procedure uses a user-defined weight matrix to choose between the infinite number of possible combinations of shape trajectories to achieve a particular desired trajectory in position space. Experimental results are shown on the real robot where different motions in position space are achieved by tracking motions of either the body lean angles, or the arm angles or combinations of both.

Keywords
Balancing Robots, Underactuated Systems, Trajectory Planning, Shape Space Planning, Ballbot

Notes
Associated Lab(s) / Group(s): Microdynamic Systems Laboratory
Associated Project(s): Dynamically-Stable Mobile Robots in Human Environments
Number of pages: 6

Text Reference
Umashankar Nagarajan, Byungjun Kim, and Ralph Hollis, "Planning in High-dimensional Shape Space for a Single-wheeled Balancing Mobile Robot with Arms," Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), May, 2012, pp. 130-135.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Nagarajan_2012_7063,
   author = "Umashankar Nagarajan and Byungjun Kim and Ralph Hollis",
   title = "Planning in High-dimensional Shape Space for a Single-wheeled Balancing Mobile Robot with Arms",
   booktitle = "Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)",
   pages = "130-135",
   month = "May",
   year = "2012",
}