Automatic data driven vegetation modeling for lidar simulation

Jean-Emmanuel Deschaud, David Prasser, Malcolm Frederick Dias, Brett Browning, and Peter Rander
IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, May, 2012.


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Abstract
Traditional lidar simulations render surface mod- els to generate simulated range data. For objects with well- defined surfaces, this approach works well, and traditional 3D scene reconstruction algorithms can be employed to au- tomatically generate the surface models. This approach breaks down, though, for many trees, tall grasses, and other objects with fine-scale geometry: surface models do not easily represent the geometry, and automated reconstruction from real data is difficult. In this paper, we introduce a new stochastic volumetric model that better captures the complexities of real lidar data of vegetation and is far better suited for automatic modeling of scenes from field collected lidar data. We also introduce several methods for automatic modeling and for simulating lidar data utilizing the new model. To measure the performance of the stochastic simulation we use histogram comparison metrics to quantify the differences between data produced by the real and simulated lidar. We evaluate our approach on a range of real world datasets and show improved fidelity for simulating geo-specific outdoor, vegetation scenes.

Keywords
simulation, ugv, lidar, vegetation, model building, modeling and simulation

Notes
Sponsor: U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC) under cooperative agreement “Fundamental Challenges in World and Sensor Modeling for UGV Simulation”
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: National Robotics Engineering Center
Associated Project(s): VANE
Note: The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government.

Text Reference
Jean-Emmanuel Deschaud, David Prasser, Malcolm Frederick Dias, Brett Browning, and Peter Rander, "Automatic data driven vegetation modeling for lidar simulation ," IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, May, 2012.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Deschaud_2012_6983,
   author = "Jean-Emmanuel Deschaud and David Prasser and Malcolm Frederick Dias and Brett Browning and Peter Rander",
   title = "Automatic data driven vegetation modeling for lidar simulation ",
   booktitle = "IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation",
   month = "May",
   year = "2012",
   Notes = "The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government. "
}