Compact sensing design of a handheld active tremor compensation instrument

Win Tun Latt, U-Xuan Tan, Cheng Yap Shee, Cameron Riviere, and Wei-Tech Ang
IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 9, No. 12, December, 2009, pp. 1864-1871.


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Abstract
Active physiological tremor compensation instruments have been under research and development recently. The sensing unit of the instruments provides information on three degrees-of-freedom (DOF) motion of the instrument tip using accelerations provided by accelerometers placed inside the instruments. A complete vector of angular acceleration of the instrument needs to be known to obtain information on three DOF motions of the tip. Sensing resolution of angular acceleration about the instrument axis is directly proportional to the width of the proximal-end sensing unit. To keep the sensing resolution high enough, the width of the unit has to be made large. As a result, the proximal-end sensing unit of the instruments is bulky. In this paper, placement of accelerometers is proposed such that the angular acceleration about the instrument axis need not be known to obtain information on the three DOF motions of the tip. With the proposed placement, the instrument is no longer bulky and fewer number of accelerometers is required, thereby making the instrument compact and better in terms of ergonomics and reliability. Experiments were conducted to show that the proposed design of placement works properly.

Keywords
Accelerometer placement, compact sensing design, handheld instruments, physiological tremor compensation

Notes
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Medical Robotics Technology Center
Associated Lab(s) / Group(s): Surgical Mechatronics Laboratory
Associated Project(s): Micron: Intelligent Microsurgical Instruments

Text Reference
Win Tun Latt, U-Xuan Tan, Cheng Yap Shee, Cameron Riviere, and Wei-Tech Ang, "Compact sensing design of a handheld active tremor compensation instrument," IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 9, No. 12, December, 2009, pp. 1864-1871.

BibTeX Reference
@article{Riviere_2009_6692,
   author = "Win Tun Latt and U-Xuan Tan and Cheng Yap Shee and Cameron Riviere and Wei-Tech Ang",
   title = "Compact sensing design of a handheld active tremor compensation instrument",
   journal = "IEEE Sensors Journal",
   pages = "1864-1871",
   month = "December",
   year = "2009",
   volume = "9",
   number = "12",
}