Characterization of Three Algorithms for Detecting Surface Flatness Defects from Dense Point Clouds

Pingbo Tang, Burcu Akinci, and Daniel Huber
IS&T/SPIE Conference on Electronic Imaging, Science and Technology, January, 2009.


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Abstract
Surface flatness assessment is required for controlling the quality of various products, such as building and mechanical components. During such assessments, inspectors collect data capturing surface shape, and use it to identify flatness defects, which are surface parts deviating from a reference plane by more than the tolerance. Laser scanners can deliver accurate and dense 3D point clouds capturing detailed surface shape for flatness defect detection in minutes. However, few studies explore algorithms for detecting surface flatness defects from dense point clouds, and provide quantitative analysis of defect detection performance. This paper presents three surface-flatness-defect detection algorithms and our experimental investigations for characterizing their performances. We created a test bed, which is composed of several flat boards with defects of various sizes on them, and tested two scanners and three algorithms using it. The results are reported in the form of a set of performance maps indicating under which conditions (using which scanner, scanning distance, selected defect detection algorithm, and angular resolution of the scanner, etc.), what types of defects are detected. Our analysis shows that scanning distance and angular resolution substantially influence the detection accuracy. Comparative analyses of scanners and defect detection algorithms are also presented.

Keywords
Laser Scanning, Surface Flatness, Defect Detection, Quality Control, Correlation Analysis

Notes
Sponsor: This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0420933. Some of the data collected in this research was done under a funding provided by Pennsylvania Infrastructure Technology Alliance.
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Vision and Autonomous Systems Center
Associated Lab(s) / Group(s): Vision and Mobile Robotics Lab

Text Reference
Pingbo Tang, Burcu Akinci, and Daniel Huber, "Characterization of Three Algorithms for Detecting Surface Flatness Defects from Dense Point Clouds," IS&T/SPIE Conference on Electronic Imaging, Science and Technology, January, 2009.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Huber_2009_6520,
   author = "Pingbo Tang and Burcu Akinci and Daniel Huber",
   title = "Characterization of Three Algorithms for Detecting Surface Flatness Defects from Dense Point Clouds",
   booktitle = "IS&T/SPIE Conference on Electronic Imaging, Science and Technology",
   publisher = "SPIE",
   month = "January",
   year = "2009",
   volume = "7239",
}