Zero-Shot Learning with Semantic Output Codes

Mark Palatucci, Dean Pomerleau, Geoffrey Hinton, and Tom Mitchell
Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), December, 2009.


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Abstract
We consider the problem of zero-shot learning, where the goal is to learn a classifier f: X -> Y that must predict novel values of Y that were omitted from the training set. To achieve this, we define the notion of a semantic output code classifier (SOC) which utilizes a knowledge base of semantic properties of Y to extrapolate to novel classes. We provide a formalism for this type of classifier and study its theoretical properties in a PAC framework, showing conditions under which the classifier can accurately predict novel classes. As a case study, we build a SOC classifier for a neural decoding task and show that it can often predict words that people are thinking about from functional magnetic resonance images (fMRI) of their neural activity, even without training examples for those words.

Keywords
machine learning, fMRI, pattern recognition, brain-computer-interfaces

Notes

Text Reference
Mark Palatucci, Dean Pomerleau, Geoffrey Hinton, and Tom Mitchell, "Zero-Shot Learning with Semantic Output Codes," Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), December, 2009.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Palatucci_2009_6459,
   author = "Mark Palatucci and Dean Pomerleau and Geoffrey Hinton and Tom Mitchell",
   title = "Zero-Shot Learning with Semantic Output Codes",
   booktitle = "Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS)",
   month = "December",
   year = "2009",
}