Fast and Feasible Deliberative Motion Planner for Dynamic Environments

Mikhail Pivtoraiko and Alonzo Kelly
International Conference on Robotics and Automation, May, 2009.


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Abstract
We present an approach to the problem of differentially constrained mobile robot motion planning in arbitrary time-varying cost fields. We construct a special search space which is ideally suited to the requirements of dynamic environments including a) feasible motion plans that satisfy differential constraints, b) efficient plan repair at high update rates, and c) deliberative goal-directed behavior on scales well beyond the effective range of perception sensors. The search space contains edges which adapt to the state sampling resolution yet aquire states exactly in order to permit the use of the dynamic programming principle without introducing infeasibility. It is a symmetric lattice based on a repeating unit of controls which permits off-line computation of the planner heuristic, motion simulation, and the swept volumes associated with each motion. For added planning efficiency, the search space features fine resolution near the vehicle and reduced resolution far away. Furthermore, its topology is updated in real-time as the vehicle moves in such a way that the underlying motion planner processes changing topology as an equivalent change in the dynamic environment. The planner was originally developed to cope with the reduced computation available on the Mars rovers. Experimental results with research prototype rovers demonstrate that the planner allows us to exploit the entire envelope of vehicle maneuverability in rough terrain, while featuring real-time performance.

Keywords
robot navigation, real-time planning, rough terrain

Notes
Associated Project(s): Very Rough Terrain Nonholonomic Trajectory Generation and Motion Planning for Rovers
Number of pages: 7

Text Reference
Mikhail Pivtoraiko and Alonzo Kelly, "Fast and Feasible Deliberative Motion Planner for Dynamic Environments," International Conference on Robotics and Automation, May, 2009.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Pivtoraiko_2009_6454,
   author = "Mikhail Pivtoraiko and Alonzo Kelly",
   title = "Fast and Feasible Deliberative Motion Planner for Dynamic Environments",
   booktitle = "International Conference on Robotics and Automation",
   month = "May",
   year = "2009",
}