Multi-scale Features for Detection and Segmentation of Rocks in Mars Images

Heather Dunlop, David R. Thompson, and David Wettergreen
IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, July, 2007.


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Abstract
Geologists and planetary scientists will benefit from methods for accurate segmentation of rocks in natural scenes. However, rocks are poorly suited for current visual segmentation techniques - they exhibit diverse morphologies and have no uniform property to distinguish them from background soil. We address this challenge with a novel detection and segmentation method incorporating features from multiple scales. These features include local attributes such as texture, object attributes such as shading and two-dimensional shape, and scene attributes such as the direction of illumination. Our method uses a superpixel segmentation followed by region-merging to search for the most probable groups of superpixels. A learned model of rock appearances identifies whole rocks by scoring candidate superpixel groupings. We evaluate our method's performance on representative images from the Mars Exploration Rover catalog.

Keywords
Pattern Recognition, Segmentation, Object Detection, Science Autonomy

Notes
Sponsor: NASA
Grant ID: NNG0-4GB66G and NAG5-12890
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Field Robotics Center
Associated Project(s): Science Autonomy
Number of pages: 7

Text Reference
Heather Dunlop, David R. Thompson, and David Wettergreen, "Multi-scale Features for Detection and Segmentation of Rocks in Mars Images," IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, July, 2007.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Dunlop_2007_5785,
   author = "Heather Dunlop and David R Thompson and David Wettergreen",
   title = "Multi-scale Features for Detection and Segmentation of Rocks in Mars Images",
   booktitle = "IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition",
   month = "July",
   year = "2007",
}