Filtered Component Analysis to Increase Robustness to Local Minima in Appearance Models

Fernando De la Torre Frade, Alvaro Collet Romea, Jeffrey Cohn, and Takeo Kanade
IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, June, 2007.


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Abstract
Appearance Models (AM) are commonly used to model appearance and shape variation of objects in images. In particular, they have proven useful to detection, tracking, and synthesis of people's faces from video. While AM have numerous advantages relative to alternative approaches, they have at least two important drawbacks. First, they are especially prone to local minima in fitting; this problem becomes increasingly problematic as the number of parameters to estimate grows. Second, often few if any of the local minima correspond to the correct location of the model error. To address these problems, we propose Filtered Component Analysis (FCA), an extension of traditional Principal Component Analysis (PCA). FCA learns an optimal set of filters with which to build a multi-band representation of the object. FCA representations were found to be more robust than either grayscale or Gabor filters to problems of local minima. The effectiveness and robustness of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated in both synthetic and real data.

Keywords
Principal Component Analysis, Multi-band representation, active appearance models, face tracking

Notes
Associated Project(s): Component Analysis for Data Analysis

Text Reference
Fernando De la Torre Frade, Alvaro Collet Romea, Jeffrey Cohn, and Takeo Kanade, "Filtered Component Analysis to Increase Robustness to Local Minima in Appearance Models," IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, June, 2007.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{De_la_Torre_Frade_2007_5718,
   author = "Fernando {De la Torre Frade} and Alvaro {Collet Romea} and Jeffrey Cohn and Takeo Kanade",
   title = "Filtered Component Analysis to Increase Robustness to Local Minima in Appearance Models",
   booktitle = "IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition",
   month = "June",
   year = "2007",
}