Swing leg retraction helps biped walking stability

Martijn Wisse, Chris Atkeson, and D.K. Kloimwieder
5th IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots, December, 2005, pp. 295 - 300.


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Abstract
In human walking, the swing leg moves backward just prior to ground contact, i.e. the relative angle between the thighs is decreasing. We hypothesized that this swing leg retraction may have a positive effect on gait stability, because similar effects have been reported in passive dynamic walking models, in running models, and in robot juggling. For this study, we use a simple inverted pendulum model for the stance leg. The swing leg is assumed to accurately follow a time-based trajectory. The model walks down a shallow slope for energy input which is balanced by the impact losses at heel strike. With this model we show that a mild retraction speed indeed improves stability, while gaits without a retraction phase (the swing leg keeps moving forward) are consistently unstable. By walking with shorter steps or on a steeper slope, the range of stable retraction speeds increases, suggesting a better robustness. The conclusions of this paper are therefore twofold; (1) use a mild swing leg retraction speed for better stability, and (2) walking faster is easier.

Notes
Number of pages: 6

Text Reference
Martijn Wisse, Chris Atkeson, and D.K. Kloimwieder, "Swing leg retraction helps biped walking stability," 5th IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots, December, 2005, pp. 295 - 300.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Wisse_2005_5602,
   author = "Martijn Wisse and Chris Atkeson and D.K. Kloimwieder",
   title = "Swing leg retraction helps biped walking stability",
   booktitle = "5th IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots",
   pages = "295 - 300",
   month = "December",
   year = "2005",
}