Probabilistic Modeling of Local Appearance and Spatial Relationships for Object Recognition

Henry Schneiderman and Takeo Kanade
Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR '98), July, 1998, pp. 45-51.


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Abstract
In this paper, we describe an algorithm for object recognition that explicitly models and estimates the posterior probability function, P(object|image). We have chosen a functional form of the posterior probability function that captures the joint statistics of local appearance and position on the object as well as the statistics of local appearance in the visual world at large. We use a discrete representation of local appearance consisting of approximately 1,000,000 patterns. We compute an estimate of P(object|image) in closed form by counting the frequency of occurrence of these patterns over various sets of training images. We have used this method for detecting human faces from frontal and profile views. The algorithm for frontal views has shown a detection rate of 93.0% with 88 false alarms on a set of 125 images containing 483 faces combining the MIT test set of Sung and Poggio with the CMU test sets of Rowley, Baluja, and Kanade. The algorithm for detection of profile views has also demonstrated promising results

Keywords
computer vision, machine vision, object recognition, pattern recognition, pattern classification, face detection, object detection

Notes
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Vision and Autonomous Systems Center
Associated Lab(s) / Group(s): Face Group
Associated Project(s): Object Recognition Using Statistical Modeling, Face Detection Databases, Face Detection, Face Databases
Number of pages: 7

Text Reference
Henry Schneiderman and Takeo Kanade, "Probabilistic Modeling of Local Appearance and Spatial Relationships for Object Recognition," Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR '98), July, 1998, pp. 45-51.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Schneiderman_1998_543,
   author = "Henry Schneiderman and Takeo Kanade",
   title = "Probabilistic Modeling of Local Appearance and Spatial Relationships for Object Recognition",
   booktitle = "Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR '98)",
   pages = "45-51",
   month = "July",
   year = "1998",
}