Quantified Symmetry for Entorhinal Spatial Maps

Erick Chastain and Yanxi Liu
Fifteenth Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting (CNS 2006), July, 2006.


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Abstract
General navigation requires a spatial map that is not anchored to one environment. The firing fields of the "grid cells" found in the rat dorsolateral medial entorhinal cortex (dMEC) could be such a map. Our work provides an explanation for how the context-independent prop erties of "grid cell" firing arise. We use computational means to analyze and validate the geometric and algebraic invariant prop erties of the firing fields, leading to a context-indep endent spatial map. Our metho d computes the specific symmetry group implicitly asso ciated with the spatial map, and quantifies the regularity of the firing fields to achieve a symmetry-based clustering into two different typ es of "grid cells." This quantified regularity makes spatial mapping more computationally efficient and suggests a way to use the dMEC firing patterns to decode the rat's p osition in the ro om. Finally, the highly invariant lattice structure of a "grid cell" firing field encodes the rat's p osition with sufficient redundancy to remain the same under changes in the shape of the room. Thus we show formally how the context-indep endent prop erties of "grid cells" can arise from their invariance under transformation.

Notes
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Vision and Autonomous Systems Center and Medical Robotics Technology Center
Associated Lab(s) / Group(s): Biomedical Image Analysis
Number of pages: 3

Text Reference
Erick Chastain and Yanxi Liu, "Quantified Symmetry for Entorhinal Spatial Maps," Fifteenth Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting (CNS 2006), July, 2006.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Liu_2006_5409,
   author = "Erick Chastain and Yanxi Liu",
   title = "Quantified Symmetry for Entorhinal Spatial Maps",
   booktitle = "Fifteenth Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting (CNS 2006)",
   month = "July",
   year = "2006",
}