A Shape Matching Algorithm for Synthesizing Humanlike Enveloping Grasps

Ying Li and Nancy Pollard
IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids 2005), 2005.


Download
  • Adobe portable document format (pdf) (2MB)
Copyright notice: This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. These works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

Abstract
Humanoid robots must be capable of interacting with the world using their hands. A variety of humanlike robot hands have been constructed, but it remains difficult to control these hands in a dexterous way. One challenge is grasp synthesis, where we wish to place the hand and control its shape to successfully grasp a given object. In this paper, we present a datadriven approach to grasp synthesis that treats grasping as a shape matching problem. We begin with a database of grasp examples. Given a model of a new object to be grasped (the query), shape features of the object are compared to shape features of hand poses in these examples in order to identify candidate grasps. For effective retrieval, we develop a novel shape matching algorithm that can accommodate the sparse shape information associated with hand pose and that considers relative placements of contact points and normals, which are important for grasp function. We illustrate our approach with examples using a model of the human hand.

Keywords
grasp synthesis, hands, shape matching

Notes
Sponsor: NSF
Grant ID: CCF-0343161, IIS-0326322, ECS-0325383, CNS-0224419
Number of pages: 8

Text Reference
Ying Li and Nancy Pollard, "A Shape Matching Algorithm for Synthesizing Humanlike Enveloping Grasps," IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids 2005), 2005.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Li_2005_5396,
   author = "Ying Li and Nancy Pollard",
   title = "A Shape Matching Algorithm for Synthesizing Humanlike Enveloping Grasps",
   booktitle = "IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids 2005)",
   year = "2005",
}