Robust joint and Cartesian control of under-actuated manipulator systems

Marcel Bergerman and Yangsheng Xu
ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, Vol. 118, No. 3, 1996, pp. 557-565.


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Abstract
Underactuated manipulators are robot manipulators composed of both active and passive joints in serial chain mechanisms. The study of underactuation is significant for the control of a variety of rigid-body systems, such as free-floating robots in space and gymnasts, whose structure include passive joints. For mechanisms with large degrees of freedom, such as hyper-redundant snake-like robots and multi-legged machines, the underactuated structure allows a more compact design, weight decrease and energy saving. Furthermore, when one or more joints of a standard manipulator fail, it becomes an underactuated mechanism; a control technique for such system will increase the reliability and fault-tolerance of current and future robots. The goal of this study is to present a robust control method for the control of underactuated manipulators subject to modelling errors and disturbances. Because an accurate modelling of the underactuated system is more critical for control issues than it is for standard manipulators, this method is significant in practice. Variable structure controllers are proposed in both joint space and Cartesian space, and a comprehensive simulation study is presented to address issues such as computation, robustness, and feasibility of the methods. Experimental results demonstrate the actual applicability of the proposed methods in a real two degrees-of-freedom underactuated manipulator. As it will be shown, the proposed variable structure controller provides robustness against both disturbances and parametric uncertainties, a characteristic not present on previouly proposed PID-based schemes.

Notes
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Vision and Autonomous Systems Center
Number of pages: 8

Text Reference
Marcel Bergerman and Yangsheng Xu, "Robust joint and Cartesian control of under-actuated manipulator systems," ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, Vol. 118, No. 3, 1996, pp. 557-565.

BibTeX Reference
@article{Xu_1996_510,
   author = "Marcel Bergerman and Yangsheng Xu",
   title = "Robust joint and Cartesian control of under-actuated manipulator systems",
   journal = "ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control",
   pages = "557-565",
   year = "1996",
   volume = "118",
   number = "3",
}