Multi-Subregion Based Probabilistic Approach Toward Pose-Invariant Face Recognition

Takeo Kanade and Akihiko Yamada
Proceedings of 2003 IEEE International Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation (CIRA), July, 2003, pp. 954 - 959.


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Abstract
Current automatic facial recognition systems are not robust against changes in illumination, pose, facial expression and occlusion. In this paper, we propose an algorithm based on a probabilistic approach for face recognition to address the problem of pose change by a probabilistic approach that takes into account the pose difference between probe and gallery images. By using a large facial image database called CMU PIE database, which contains images of the same set of people taken from many different angles, we have developed a probabilistic model of how facial features change as the pose changes. This model enables us to make our face recognition system more robust to the change of poses in the probe image. The experimental results show that this approach achieves a better recognition rate than conventional face recognition methods over a much larger range of pose. For example, when the gallery contains only images of a frontal face and the probe image varies its pose orientation, the recognition rate remains within a less than 10% difference until the probe pose begins to differ more than 45 degrees, whereas the recognition rate of a PCA-based method begins to drop at a difference as small as 10 degrees, and a representative commercial system at 30 degrees.

Notes
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Vision and Autonomous Systems Center
Associated Lab(s) / Group(s): Virtualized RealityTM, People Image Analysis Consortium, Human Identification at a Distance
Associated Project(s): PIE Database
Number of pages: 6

Text Reference
Takeo Kanade and Akihiko Yamada, "Multi-Subregion Based Probabilistic Approach Toward Pose-Invariant Face Recognition," Proceedings of 2003 IEEE International Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation (CIRA), July, 2003, pp. 954 - 959.

BibTeX Reference
@inproceedings{Kanade_2003_4771,
   author = "Takeo Kanade and Akihiko Yamada",
   title = "Multi-Subregion Based Probabilistic Approach Toward Pose-Invariant Face Recognition",
   booktitle = "Proceedings of 2003 IEEE International Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation (CIRA)",
   pages = "954 - 959",
   month = "July",
   year = "2003",
}