Lucas-Kanade 20 Years On: A Unifying Framework: Part 4

Simon Baker, Ralph Gross, and Iain Matthews
tech. report CMU-RI-TR-04-14, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, February, 2004


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Abstract
Since the Lucas-Kanade algorithm was proposed in 1981 image alignment has become one of the most widely used techniques in computer vision. Applications range from optical flow, tracking, and layered motion, to mosaic construction, medical image registration, and face coding. Numerous algorithms have been proposed and a variety of extensions have been made to the original formulation. We present an overview of image alignment, describing most of the algorithms in a consistent framework. We concentrate on the inverse compositional algorithm, an efficient algorithm that we recently proposed. We examine which of the extensions to the Lucas-Kanade algorithm can be used with the inverse compositional algorithm without any significant loss of efficiency, and which cannot. In this paper, the fourth and final part in the series, we cover the addition of priors on the parameters. We first consider the addition of priors on the warp parameters. We show that priors can be added with minimal extra cost to all of the algorithms in Parts 1--3. Next we consider the addition of priors on both the warp and appearance parameters. Image alignment with appearance variation was covered in Part 3. For each algorithm in Part 3, we describe whether priors can be placed on the appearance parameters or not, and if so what the cost is.

Keywords
Image alignment, unifying framework, theLucas-Kanade algorithm, the inverse compositional algorithm, priors onthe parameters, linear appearance variation, robust error functions.

Notes
Sponsor: US Department of Defense
Grant ID: N41756-03-C4024
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Vision and Autonomous Systems Center
Associated Lab(s) / Group(s): Vision for Safe Driving and People Image Analysis Consortium
Associated Project(s): AAM Fitting Algorithms and Lucas-Kanade 20 Years On

Text Reference
Simon Baker, Ralph Gross, and Iain Matthews, "Lucas-Kanade 20 Years On: A Unifying Framework: Part 4," tech. report CMU-RI-TR-04-14, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, February, 2004

BibTeX Reference
@techreport{Baker_2004_4615,
   author = "Simon Baker and Ralph Gross and Iain Matthews",
   title = "Lucas-Kanade 20 Years On: A Unifying Framework: Part 4",
   booktitle = "",
   institution = "Robotics Institute",
   month = "February",
   year = "2004",
   number= "CMU-RI-TR-04-14",
   address= "Pittsburgh, PA",
}