Appearance Based Face Recognition and Light-Fields

Ralph Gross, Iain Matthews, and Simon Baker
tech. report CMU-RI-TR-02-20, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, August, 2002


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Abstract
Arguably the most important decision to be made when developing an object recognition algorithm is selecting the scene measurements or features on which to base the algorithm. In appearance-based object recognition the features are chosen to be the pixel intensity values in an image of the object. These pixel intensities correspond directly to the radiance of light emitted from the object along certain rays in space. The set of all such radiance values over all possible rays is known as the plenoptic function or light-field. In this paper we develop the theory of appearance-based object recognition from light-fields. This theory leads directly to a pose-invariant face recognition algorithm that uses as many images of the face as are available, from one upwards. All of the pixels, whichever image they come from, are treated equally and used to estimate the (eigen) light-field of the object. The eigen light-field s then used as the set of features on which to base recognition, analogously to how the pixel intensities are used in appearance-based object recognition. We also show how our algorithm can be extended to recognize faces across pose and illumination by using Fisher light-fields.

Keywords
Appearance-based object recognition, face recognition, light-fields, eigen light-fields, Fisher light-fields, light-field illumination cones, inherent stereo ambiguities, face recognition across pose, face recognition across pose and illumination.

Notes
Sponsor: U.S. Office of Naval Research
Grant ID: N00014-00-1-0915
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Vision and Autonomous Systems Center
Associated Lab(s) / Group(s): Human Identification at a Distance, Face Group, Component Analysis
Associated Project(s): Face Recognition Across Pose, Face Recognition, Light-fields

Text Reference
Ralph Gross, Iain Matthews, and Simon Baker, "Appearance Based Face Recognition and Light-Fields," tech. report CMU-RI-TR-02-20, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, August, 2002

BibTeX Reference
@techreport{Gross_2002_4058,
   author = "Ralph Gross and Iain Matthews and Simon Baker",
   title = "Appearance Based Face Recognition and Light-Fields",
   booktitle = "",
   institution = "Robotics Institute",
   month = "August",
   year = "2002",
   number= "CMU-RI-TR-02-20",
   address= "Pittsburgh, PA",
}