Variable Window Gabor Filters and Their Use in Focus and Correspondence

Yalin Xiong and Steven Shafer
tech. report CMU-RI-TR-94-06, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, March, 1994


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Abstract
More and more low level vision algorithms are being carried out in the spatial frequency domain, using Gabor filters. There are two basic problems concerned with Gabor filterings we will address in this paper. One is the window size problem, in which we will adopt a set of 2D variable window Gabor filters, and compare its performance with those of fixed window filters. We will show that the variable window scheme is more adaptive to image contents, while fixed window schemes may suffer either large errors or instabilities when image contents are changed. The other problem we will address is the stability of amplitude and phase information resulting from convolving the filters with images. We will extend Fleet's 1D phase stability analysis to 2D phase and amplitude stability analysis based upon the assumption of local resemblance of filter outputs to a single sinusoid. Applications on focus quality measurement and 2D correspondence are described, and the results demonstrate improvements of performance by detecting unstable information using the criterion developed.

Keywords
Computer vision, low-level processing, Gabor filter, depth from defocus, depth from stereo, 2D correspondence

Notes
Grant ID: NAGW 1175
Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Vision and Autonomous Systems Center
Associated Lab(s) / Group(s): Calibrated Imaging Lab
Associated Project(s): Depth From Focus and Defocus
Number of pages: 22

Text Reference
Yalin Xiong and Steven Shafer, "Variable Window Gabor Filters and Their Use in Focus and Correspondence," tech. report CMU-RI-TR-94-06, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, March, 1994

BibTeX Reference
@techreport{Xiong_1994_326,
   author = "Yalin Xiong and Steven Shafer",
   title = "Variable Window Gabor Filters and Their Use in Focus and Correspondence",
   booktitle = "",
   institution = "Robotics Institute",
   month = "March",
   year = "1994",
   number= "CMU-RI-TR-94-06",
   address= "Pittsburgh, PA",
}