Carnegie Mellon University
The Measurement of Highlights in Color Images

G. Klinker, Steven Shafer, and Takeo Kanade
International Journal of Computer Vision, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 7-32, June, 1988.

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In this paper, we present an approach to color image understanding that accounts for color variations due to highlights and shading. We demonstrate that the reflected light from every point on a dielectric object. such as plastic, can be described as a linear combination of the object color and the highlight color. The colors of all light rays reflected from one object then form a planar cluster in the color space. The shape of this cluster is determined by the object and highlight colors and by the object shape and illumination geometry. We present a method that exploits the difference between object color and highlight color to separate the color of every pixel into a matte component and a highlight component. This generates two intrinsic images, one showing the scene without highlights, and the other one showing only the highlights. The intrinsic images may be a useful tool for a variety of algorithms in computer vision. such as stereo vision, motion analysis, shape from shading, and shape from highlights. Our method combines the analysis of matte and highlight reflection with a sensor model that accounts for camera limitations. This enables us to successfully run our algorithm on real images taken in a laboratory setting. We show and discuss the results.

Associated Center(s) / Consortia: Vision and Autonomous Systems Center

Text Reference
G. Klinker, Steven Shafer, and Takeo Kanade, "The Measurement of Highlights in Color Images," International Journal of Computer Vision, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 7-32, June, 1988.

BibTeX Reference
   author = "G. Klinker and Steven Shafer and Takeo Kanade",
   title = "The Measurement of Highlights in Color Images",
   journal = "International Journal of Computer Vision",
   pages = "7-32",
   month = "June",
   year = "1988",
   volume = "2",
   number = "1",