An Exploration of Sensorless Manipulation

Michael Erdmann and Matthew T. Mason
IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation, Vol. 4, No. 4, August, 1988, pp. 369 - 379.


Download
  • Adobe portable document format (pdf) (1MB)
Copyright notice: This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. These works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

Abstract
The use of motion strategies to eliminate uncertainty, without the use of sensors, is considered. The approach is demonstrated within the context of a simple method to orient planar objects. A randomly oriented object is dropped into a tray. When the tray is tilted, the object can slide into walls, along walls, and into corners, sometimes with the effect of reducing the number of possible orientations. For some objects a sequence of tilting operations exists that leaves the object's orientation completely determined. An automatic planner is described that constructs such a tilting program, using a simple model of the mechanics of sliding. The planner has been implemented, the resulting programs have been executed using a tray attached to an industrial manipulator, and sometimes the programs work. The authors explore the issue of sensorless manipulation, tray tilting in particular, within the context of a formal framework described by T. Lozano-Perez, M.T. Mason, and Russ Taylor (1984). It is observed that sensorless motion strategies perform conditional actions using mechanical decisions in place of environmental inquiries.

Notes
Note: see also IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation

Text Reference
Michael Erdmann and Matthew T. Mason, "An Exploration of Sensorless Manipulation," IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation, Vol. 4, No. 4, August, 1988, pp. 369 - 379.

BibTeX Reference
@article{Erdmann_1988_1506,
   author = "Michael Erdmann and Matthew T. Mason",
   title = "An Exploration of Sensorless Manipulation",
   journal = "IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation",
   pages = "369 - 379",
   month = "August",
   year = "1988",
   volume = "4",
   number = "4",
   Notes = "see also IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation"
}