RI Seminar: Ko Nishino
Visual Material Recognition
Associate Professor, Dept. of Computer Science, College of Engineering, Drexel University
May 10, 2013, 3:30pm - 4:30pm, NSH 1305
Information regarding what an object is made of--its material--can provide crucial clues for image understanding.If a robot, for instance, detects soft dirt or a smooth metal surface ahead, it can adjust its movement in advance. Recognizing materials solely from images, however, has proven to be a difficult problem. In this talk, I will present our research geared towards visual material recognition. I will first discuss about a generative approach, in which we aim to decompose the image into its building blocks--geometry, illumination, and reflectance--so that we can later use the reflectance estimate to deduce the material. I will show how the space of real-world reflectance can be faithfully encoded with a novel reflectance model and be exploited to estimate reflectance in complex real-world environments. I will then discuss a discriminative approach in which we directly try to classify each pixel of an image into different materials. For this, we introduce a novel intermediate representation, called visual material traits, that represent the appearance of material properties like "smooth" and "shiny," and use them to recognize materials locally without any knowledge of the object. Finally, I will show some preliminary results on using material as visual context for image understanding.
Host: Srinivasa Narasimhan
Appointments: Jessica Butterbaugh (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Ko Nishino is an associate professor in the Department of Computer Science at Drexel University. He received a B.E. and an M.E. in Information and Communication Engineering in 1997 and 1999, respectively, and a PhD in Computer Science in 2002, all from The University of Tokyo. Before joining Drexel University in 2005, he was a Postdoctoral Research Scientist in the Computer Science Department at Columbia University. His primary research interests lie in computer vision and include appearance modeling and synthesis, geometry processing, and video analysis. His work on exploiting eye reflections received considerable media attention including articles in New York Times, Newsweek, and NewScientist. He received the NSF CAREER award in 2008.